In the fall of 1861 officers of the Fifth Texas Infantry Regiment had this flag made in Richmond, Va. The flag was professionally made in two sections. Its design is a variant of the First National flag of the Confederacy, but with a single, five-pointed star replacing the constellation of stars on the First National. The design was not unusual; several Virginia units also had flags like this in the early months of the War. This information was taken from Battle Flags of the Confederacy by Alan K. Sumrall.
Shortly after its flag was completed the Fifth Texas was ordered not to use it because regulations prohibited the use of state-identified flags. A new Army of Northern Virginia battle flag was issued to the Fifth Texas, but upon its return the adjutant reported the new battle flag had been "stolen" by persons unknown, thus necessitating the use of the First National with the single star -- all according to the adjutant's plan. The unit marched out immediately for the Battle of Second Manassas (Bull Run). While the brigade was on the march the flag was carried sheathed in its case; however, John Bell Hood, the brigade commander, commented on the flag not being unfurled and the plan seemed about to fall apart. Hood, not always known for his sunny disposition, merely smiled and said he suspected "trickery" when told that the other flag was missing, and allowed the Fifth to use the First National with the single star until it had to be retired. It was sent home to Texas after Sharpsburg(Antietam) because of damage sustained in that battle and at Second Manassas (Bull Run).
Visit us on Facebook @ https://www.facebook.com/groups/792106377532039/
'To you, Sons of Confederate Veterans, we will commit the vindication of the Cause for which we fought. To your strength will be given the defense of the Confederate soldier's good name, the guardianship of his history, the emulation of his virtues, the perpetuation of those principles which he loved and which you love also, and those ideals which made him glorious and which you also cherish.'
--Lt. General Stephen D. Lee, Commander General, United Confederate Veterans,
"WE must never lose sight of the main object of the war, and of the means by which that object can be attained.
"This war is prosecuted for the maintenance of the Union and of the indivisible nationality of the United States. It is not, as foreigners suppose, a war for tariffs, or on account of slavery. The United States Government has no other object in view than the assertion of its authority over the whole of its dominion, and the practical refutation of the subversive doctrines of secession and State sovereignty.
"It is likely that, in the course of the contest which is being waged, various existing interests, including the institution of slavery, may suffer severely. With that the United States have nothing to do. As soon as the authority of the United States Government is acknowledged throughout the revolted section the war will cease, whatever be the condition of the slaves and the slave-owners; but until that authority is acknowledged the war will go on, and, whatever may be the views of individual generals, it will be waged in the most thorough manner, and every rebel interest, including the institution of slavery, will be assailed as vigorously as possible.
"If we are forced to free the slaves in order to restore the Union, we shall do so. But no one in authority would desire to carry on the conflict for one hour after the authority of the Government was acknowledged at the South, for the sake of abolishing slavery."
~Harper's Weekly (December 21, 1861)
Follow the link below to view original article from Harper's Weekly in its entirety.